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If you have mastered the first three steps in
this course, which give you the Cycle of Thirds as a musical
interval calculator, you are ready to learn how to spell intervals. Now that
you have a musical interval calculator in your head, learning to spell the
intervals will be easy. Your goal is to be able to spell intervals
with as much ease as you can count with numbers. If you do this,
your ability to work with pitch differences in music theory and
composition will be
greatly improved. We will start with Perfect Primes and 2
You already know how to find
the interval of a Major or minor 3 You know that an interval is a measure of the distance in pitch between two notes. The Perfect Prime (also called a Unison) is an interval name for two notes that are the same pitch. This means that a Perfect Prime has no distance in pitch. There are no Perfect Primes that are “above” or “below” your starting note. The Perfect Prime is always the exact same pitch and therefore the same note name. A Perfect Prime for C is C. A Perfect Prime for Gb is Gb, and so on. ? A 2
Because Major and minor 2 For a Major 2 For a minor 2 If you were starting on B,
the next letter name above B is C. But B and C have no black key
between them (see illustration below), so C is a minor 2
Major and minor 2nds below
work in the same way. Just move in the opposite direction. If you
are starting on C, then B is a minor 2
If you remember a minor 2
A Chromatic scale is one that includes all the pitches in a specified range. Look at the illustration below. If you start with A on the left and count keys to the right, including all the white and black keys, you get a chromatic scale. If you are unfamiliar with the basic order of notes, you should memorize the chromatic scale. Remember that all adjacent notes on the keyboard have a sharp or flat (black key) between them, except between B to C and E to F. You must memorize the chromatic scale.
Fill in the blank with the
minor 2
For each blank, write the
note that is a Major 2
For each blank, write the
note that is a Major 2
Your daily practice consists
of reciting the Cycle of Thirds forward and backward for at least
two minutes a day. Your weekly practice is at least five minutes a
week spelling chords. Five minutes a week may not seem like much,
but after a few months of spelling chords with this method, you will
have ingrained the process into your brain for long term storage.
Just make sure you spell at least one chord for each chord type with
a randomly chosen root. In addition to chords, for each interval you
learn to find, now begin to spend at least five minutes a week
practicing finding notes that are a specified interval above or
below random notes. So far you know how to construct primes, 2 For Major 3 For minor 2 The above are the
recommended minimums. You are encouraged to do more. Practice as
much as it takes to make all of the skills taught in this course as
quick and easy for you to use as possible. If you are interested in
spending a significant amount of time in your future with the study
of music theory, you will not regret the time you put into mastering
this course. Spelling intervals, chords and scales are basic skills
you want to develop as much and as early as possible in your musical
studies. The full advantage of |

Copyright © 2008-2011 Kenneth J. Maxwell Jr.