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<<=PREV How to Find Major and Minor 6^{ths } NEXT=>> In this lesson, we will learn to find the notes that are Major and minor 6^{ths} above or below any given note. A note that is a Major 6^{th} above another note is a distance of nine half steps away from the given note. That is nine piano keys. A note that is a minor 6^{th} above another note is a distance of eight half steps away from the given note. m6
= minor 6^{th}
M6 = Major 6^{th
}
m6 M6 The method for finding the note that is a Major or minor 6^{th} above or below any given note is straightforward. To find Major and minor 6^{ths}, you will use the principle of inverted intervals, which was introduced in the last lesson. Just as 5^{ths} invert to 4^{ths}, 6^{ths} invert to 3^{rds}. By now you should be very good at finding 3^{rds}, so finding 6^{ths} will be easy. As you know, every note name can be both above and below a particular given note. For example, E is a minor 3^{rd} below G. However, as shown in the illustration below, a different instance of E is also above G. The E above is a different distance that is a Major 6^{ths} above G.
When you keep the same starting note (such as G in the illustration above), but switch from the E above (G to E) to the E below (E to G), or from the E below to the E above, you are said to be inverting the interval. Finding 6^{ths} by Using the Principle of Inversion The note name that is a 6^{th} above a given note will also be some type of 3^{rd} below the same given note. The note name that is a 6^{th} below a given note will always be the same note that is some type of 3^{rd} above the same given note. The modifier (Major, minor) changes when inverting an interval from a 6^{th} to a 3^{rd}. If E is a Major 6^{th} above G, then E is also a minor 3^{rd} below G. B is a minor 6^{th} below G, so B is also a Major 3^{rd} above G. You MUST memorize the inversion chart below for 6^{ths} to 3^{rds}.
To find the note name that is a Major or minor 6^{th} above or below a given note, just convert it to its inverted form of Major or minor 3^{rd}. The note name will be the same. Examples: What is a Major 6^{th} above C? A Major 6^{th} above C is the same note name as a minor 3^{rd} below C. Just use the Cycle of Thirds and you find that a minor 3^{rd} below C is A. This means that A is also a Major 6^{th} above C. What is a minor 6^{th} below D? A minor 6^{th} below D is the same note name as a Major 3^{rd} above D. A Major 3^{rd} above D is F#. So F# is also a minor 6^{th} below D. You must memorize the inversion chart above. You must be able to quickly name the correct 3^{rd} that matches the four varieties of 6^{ths}. Then just find the corresponding 3^{rd} to get the correct note name for the 6^{th} you want to find. Exercise: Fill in the blanks with the note that is a Major 6^{th} above the given note. Use the Interval Answer Charts to check your answers. (To find a Major 6^{th} above, find the note that is a minor 3^{rd} below)
Exercise: Fill in the blanks with the note that is a Major 6^{th} below the given note. Use the Interval Answer Charts to check your answers. (To find a Major 6^{th} below, find the note that is a minor 3^{rd} above)
Exercise: Fill in the blanks with the note that is a minor 6^{th} above the given note. Use the Interval Answer Charts to check your answers. (To find the a minor 6^{th} above, find the note that is a Major 3^{rd} below)
Exercise: Fill in the blanks with the note that is a minor 6^{th} below the given note. Use the Interval Answer Charts to check your answers. (To find a minor 6^{th} below, find the note that is a Major 3^{rd} above)

Copyright © 20082011 Kenneth J. Maxwell Jr.